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UAS regulations

Update: 2020 (harmonised regulations for EASA Member States)


On 28 February 2019 the EASA Committee has given its positive vote to the European Commission’s proposal for an Implementing Act regulating the operations of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in the open and specific categories. This proposal is mainly based on EASA’s Opinion No 01/2018 [ https://www.easa.europa.eu/document-library/opinions/opinion-012018 ].


On 11 June 2019 common European rules on drones, Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/945 [ https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg_del/2019/945/oj ]& Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 [ https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2019/947/oj ], have been published to ensure drone operations across Europe are safe and secure. The rules will amongst others help to protect the safety and the privacy of EU citizens while enabling the free circulation of drones and a level playing field within the European Union.
 
A major milestone in the regulation of operations of Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) in Europe was achieved on 10th October 2019 with the publication of the Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC) and Guidance materials (GM )  [ https://www.easa.europa.eu/document-library/agency-decisions/ed-decision-2019021r ] for the Regulation on UAS operations in the open and specific category.
With the publication, EASA will support UAS operators and Member States in complying with the adopted EU regulation. The document includes the description of a risk assessment methodology to evaluate the danger of an UAS operation and to identify mitigation measures to make the operation safe.
The methodology for conducting a risk assessment of the operations in the specific category is called SORA (Specific Operation Risk Assessment) and offers a very structured approach to evaluate all aspects and identify mitigations and safety objectives.

The timeframe for the European changes is listed here [ https://www.easa.europa.eu/drones-regulatory-framework-timeline ] and may change due COVID-19
 
All other related documents can be found here :[  https://www.easa.europa.eu/latest-news?news_cat[]=2204&  ]  (e.g. Opinion “Standard scenarios for UAS operations in the ‘specific’ category”; Opinion 01/2020 - High-level regulatory framework for the U-space; ).

Until the EASA changes are implemented, regulations for individual Member States can be found here:  https://dronerules.eu/en/professional/regulations

Greek regulations: https://dronerules.eu/assets/regulationspdfdownloads/NRP_greece.pdfhttps://dronerules.eu/assets/regulationspdfdownloads/NRP_greece.pdf


[LATEST UPDATE: May 2020, David Guerin; the information below may not be up to date and will be incorrect after EASA standardised rules come into effect.]


Regulations for operating: drones/unmanned-aircraft/Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) appear to be available in Greek language only and the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA) is presently translating these into English (as of the 25th of November 2016).

 

On May 25, 2016, Elliniki Dimokratia from the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks, Civil Aviation Service, made a press release announcing the making of draft regulations: "Regulation of flights of unmanned Aircraft Systems– Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)” [ http://www.ypa.gr/news/kanonismos-pthsewn-twn-systhmatwn-mh-epandrwmenwn-aeroskafwn-smhea-unmanned-aircraft-systems-uas ]. Below (Press releases) is an unofficial translation of the release to English.

 

Previous to the 2016 regulations (not yet available in English), the Model Aircraft Flight Regulations that were published in 2010 didn’t address Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) when operated for commercial or business purposes [Comparative handbook: robotic technologies law, Bensoussan, JBADM 2016, Primento Digital Publishing].

 

Future expectations:

According to the October 4, 2016 press release, the new regulations (ΣμηΕΑ) will enter force from January 1, 2017 and address all flight safety, rights, obligations, limitations and possibilities and privacy, data protection, liability, protection of citizens. They are expected to include the following:

 

  • All RPA must be registeredThe three categories proposed by EASA will be following: Open, Specific, Certified ….
  • Insurance will be required depending on the above category.
  • Remote Pilot training will be required and proportionate to the operation
  • A new interactive website will be created on the CAA website.

The English version has now (April 2017) been published:

http://www.ypa.gr/userfiles/fa3cb89c-ac1a-4d4b-99ab-a34f011804e1/HCAA-UAS-Regulation-Final.pdf 

 

Greece is a member state of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and should essentially follow the ‘Prototype’ Commission Regulation on Unmanned Aircraft Operations (August 22, 2016: https://www.easa.europa.eu/easa-and-you/civil-drones-rpas ) that informs and consults with stakeholders to give indications on the possible direction that EASA will take on implementation of regulations, after appropriate consultation.

 

Cyprus:

The Cyprus Government Gazette lists the Civil Aviation, ministerial degree: Civil Aviation Decree, (Conditions for the Operation of Flights by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in the Republic of Cyprus, issued in November 2015) applicable to the Republic of Cyprus [http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dca/dca.nsf/All/BF026F4CECA35180C2257DB30030A750/$file/UAVS%20Decree%20402-2015-english%20tanslation%20last%20revision%20jan%202016%20(3).pdf ].

  • This includes the following:Applies to MTOW lf less than 150KG , excluding unmanned aircraft operating within approved Aeromodelling Sites,
  • All RPA are to be registered,
  • Two categories:

 

  • 1) Open Category:less than 3 KG,
  • non-commercial operations,
  • not above 170 feet AGL,
  • VLOS,
  • RP training,
  • Dropping of objects prohibited,
  • each RP to operate only one RPA,
  • minimum 1 km from residential areas and 500 metres from isolated buildings, people, vehicles, animals, structures, etc (except with the permission of the owner),
  • minimum distance of 8 kms from airport/landing strip, 3 km from heliports.
  • Remain clear of prohibited, restricted, dangerous and reserved areas as mentioned in the relevant aeronautical publications of the Competent Authority, as well as flights above, within, or in proximity to military Page 4 of 6 installations, public utility installations, archaeological sites and public or private facilities, are not permitted, except with the permission of the owner or the relevant Competent Authority
  • No Aerial Photography of National Guard installations and infrastructure,
  • Must maintain a safe distance from all other airspace users, giving them priority and ensuring that during the flight activity of the unmanned aircraft, no other aircraft is put into danger.
  • Etc.
  • 2) Special Category:More than 3 KG, or commercial operations
  • commercial operations,
  • not above 400 feet AGL,
  • insurance required,
  • Require an Operating Licence and the operator is a holder of an Unmanned Aircraft Pilot Licence (with Category 3, Medical Certificate).
  • operations are safeguarded through operating restrictions and regulations which are described in detail in the conditions and restrictions defined by the Competent Authority and which form an integral part of the Operating Licence,
  • Etc.

 

Previous post from November 4, 2016:

 

Permit to Fly is granted by NAA, based on specific national rules, possibly on a case-to-case basis & for a limited duration.

 

No information could be found on the website of the Civil Aviation Authority. However, according to Vaios Vitos on pttl.gr, small drones are treated as model aircraft, and can be legally flown below 400 feet, more than 3km from airports and 50 metres from people. Drones below 7kg can be flown without special permission, while those weighing between 7kg and 25kg require permission from the regulator. As he notes, all flights must, by law, be insured against damage to third parties, a regulation that is widely flouted since no insurance company in Greece issues such insurance.

 

Press releases:

 

 May 25, 2016:  ‘Subject: "Regulation of flights of unmanned Aircraft Systems (SmiEA) – Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)"

Flying drones of all sizes and each use, it is a reality and for Greece. Currently lacks the specialized regulatory framework at both European and national level.

 

The civil aviation Service by order of the Minister for infrastructure, transport and networks Mr Christos Spirtzi, in response to the need to fill in and modernisation of the legal framework governing the safety of air navigation, has compiled a draft regulation for the flights of unmanned aircraft systems (drones).

 

The new regulation specifies the whole process for the sensitive issue of systems for drones-SmiEA, which deals with security issues, but also privacy, data protection, liability, protection of the citizen, of environmental protection, which are treated in competence.

 

The structure of regulation are shaped in the context of the principles of the European Agency for aviation safety (EASA) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), in such a way as to make accessible the full incorporation of European regulations expected to be formed in the future.

 

In this context, by decision of the Governor of CAA Mr. Konstantinos Lintzerakoy, came from Tuesday 24 may 2016 in public consultation and posted on the website opengov.gr the project "Regulation of flights Systems SmiEA-UAVs (Unmanned Aircraft Systems – UAS)", so that the actors in the aviation market and interested citizens to comment until Wednesday 8 June at 14:00 the comments and suggestions , which will be taken into account in the final version of the regulation.

 

“Flying drones of all sizes and each use, it is a reality and for Greece. Currently lacks the specialized regulatory framework at both European and national level.

Regulation of flights of unmanned Aircraft Systems (SmiEA) – Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS).’

 

[Note: this is an unofficial translation from the original language text to English].

 

October 4, 2016: TOPIC: Completed Regulation "unmanned Aircraft - SmiEA" from CAA 

 

The Civil Aviation Authority announced that enter into force from January 1, 2017, the Regulation on unmanned Aircraft SmiEA, known as Drones.

 

Specifically published in Gov. Regulation "unmanned Aircraft - SmiEA" which defines the whole process such as flight safety, rights, obligations, limitations and possibilities and privacy, data protection, liability, protection of citizens, which are treated by jurisdiction.

 

Field of SmiEA activities is very wide, taking pictures and filming for personal or professional use, perform surveying tasks, supervise all forms of plant, agricultural, commercial and scientific applications, while ingenious extended to a large number of activities that grow continuously.

 

This diversity creates a dynamic environment that is particularly demanding for the projections and the provisions of the Regulations.

 

The purpose of the regulatory framework established by the decision of the Civil Aviation Authority Governor and published in the Official Gazette (OG / B / 3152/2016), is to expand the branch of Drones products and services without obstacles, but to establish rules and without bureaucratic procedures.

 

The Regulation provides for the conduct of operations of SmiEA, from the simplest to the most complex.

 

At the same time, the Regulation incorporates the regulatory framework of the Civil Aviation of National and European regulatory framework and the current standards which regulate the safety issues, and extension related to privacy, the privacy, security for civil liability, but and protecting the citizen, which are then treated in the competence of the respective bodies.

 

The structure of the regulation is formulated in accordance with the principles of the European Agency for Aviation Safety (EASA) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), in order to make easy the full integration of European regulations expected to be in the future.

 

Unmanned Aircraft (SmiEA) regardless of size, are recorded in a special register of CAA and then deposited their route data if their flight is to take place at more than 50 m. From the operator and in each case of occupational use.

 

The Drones are classified into three categories according to international standards, in relation to the risk category Open in special and in Certified Class respectively, depending on the risk assessment according to the criteria of civil aviation.

 

The drones contained in certain categories have compulsory insurance.

 

Operators of drones intended for professional use schooled in discipline commensurate with the requirements of their job and are authorized respectively.

 

A key tool for implementing Regulation single initial point of contact will be the special section for SmiEA the CAA website for both information content and for the filing of applications and the flight plans electronically and automated way to real-time connection the full development of the system.

 

With the application of the Rules of 01/01/2017 determined the airspace where the flight with his post on the Internet is prohibited to directly inform the operators of drones.

 

Operators of SmiEA will be able to gain valuable experience and to gradually develop their entrepreneurship, while citizens will be able to know clearly the rights and compliance obligations under the regulation of SmiEA.

 

Simultaneously the SmiEA industry with a wide range of activities and dynamism, will have the opportunity to thrive in a secure regulatory framework and legal activity.’

 

[Note: this is an unofficial translation from the original language text to English].

Last update / 04.05.2020

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Last update / 04.05.2020

Contact info

Greece Civil Aviation Authority, P.O. Box 70360, GR 166 10 Glyfada

Fax: (30) 210-8947101 Fax: (30) 210-9680060 E-mail: d4d@gcaa.gr

URL: http://www.hcaa.gr

Greek Operators Association of UAVs 

Last update / 30.05.2017

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Last update / 04.05.2020