Chile

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UAV Laws

In general:

Maximum Take-ogg Mass (MTOM) 9 kg (not considering the parachute weight)

Only RPAS manufactured are allowed, with technical instructions and operating instructions (no home made RPAS).

RPAS must have a serial number, or shall be recorded at the DGAC.

RPAS must have a parachute during operation

RPAS must be controllable at any time manually (not be fully automatic).

Authorization required by DGAC to fly (registration card, pilot credentials, insurance)

Authorization is valid without limit (or until suspended or cancelled)

Day and VMC flight only

VLOS

>2km from airport runway axis extension

>1km from the runway itself

One UAV at a time

Max 500m range horizontally

Max 400 m AGL

No object dropping

No operation in firefighting areas

If autonomy is less than 60 min, the discharge cannot be more than 80% of the battery capacity

20m over non participating people

30m range from non participating people

Pilot certificate valid 12 months (18 years old, theorical training, practice exam on specific model, written exam on DAN 151 / DAN 91 / Meteo / Aerodynamics)

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Chilean DGAC published updated RPAS regulations in September 2015. An official English copy could not be found. Here is an unofficial English summary of the Spanish text of regulation 151:

DAN 151 In.1 ED.2/SEPTEMBER 2015 unofficial translation

OPERATIONS OF AIRCRAFT PILOTED TO DISTANCE (RPA) IN MATTERS OF INTEREST PUBLIC, THAT IS CARRIED OUT ON AREAS POPULATED

The DGAC respects ICAO SARPs (standards and recommended practices) and its anticipated rules of international operation of the RPAs may not be available before 2018 after consultation to the States and for this reason and given the complexity of this task, has issued Chilean regulations.

The DGAC understands the need of issue a standard that regulate the activity of the RPA, ….. By such reason has decided post this standard for authorize temporarily the operation of RPA, that constitute matters of interest public, as:

(a) obtaining images or information on facts of public connotation with the purpose of disseminating them through means of communication.

(b) execution of activities of support in relation to disasters or emergencies caused by nature or by the action of the human being.

(c) compliance of the functions legal of any body of the administration of the State.

(d) other situations of similar nature as regards the interest public involved, that the DGAC grade on the basis of the security of the operation.

By such reason is has made this first standard with objective well defined and that goes oriented solely to matters of public interest, taking care of the security of people and their assets in operations carried out in populated places, which complements the DAN 91 "Rules of the air". This legislation, is of character transient, and may be modified when are published them regulations of ICAO or of the SRVSOP (system Regional of cooperation for the monitoring of the safety that is found in production or product of the experience obtained from its application.

[some] DEFINITIONS

...

POPULATED AREAS

Areas where there are urban centers, settlement of people for housing purposes or labour, or that develop activities inviting the agglomeration of people outdoors.

MATTERS OF PUBLIC INTEREST

(a) obtaining images or information on facts of public connotation with the purpose of disseminating them through means of communication.

(b) execution of activities for support in relation to disasters or emergencies caused by the nature or by the action of the human being.

(c) compliance of the functions legal of any body of the administration of the State.

(d) other situations of a similar nature in terms of the public interest involved, that the DGAC grade on the basis of the security of the operation.

DANGER ZONE (D)

Airspace of defined dimensions in which can be deployed in certain moments activities dangerous to the flight of the aircraft. Published by the DGAC in AIP Chile and available on the institutional website

www.dgac.gob.cl /servicios online/ IFIS.

FORBIDDEN ZONE (P)

Space air of dimensions defined on the territory national, inside of which is banned the flying of aircraft by reasons of security national or of character military. Published by the DGAC in AIP Chile and available on the institutional website www.dgac.gob.cl /servicios online/ IFIS. .

ZONE RESTRICTED (R)

Space air of dimensions defined on the territory national, inside of which is restricted the flight and landing of the aircraft under certain conditions specified, for military or national security reasons. These areas are published by the DGAC in the AIP Chile available in the Web page institutional www.dgac.gob.cl /servicios online/ IFIS.

...

The rules of the air appear to otherwise apply.

The maximum weight of the RPA must be up to nine pounds (approximately 4 KGs) including Accessories, but without considering the weight of the parachute.

The RPA must have been built or reinforced from a kit factory and count with instructional technician, operation.

The RPA must have serial number of manufacturer or in case of not having this serial number the owner must record in the RPA N ° of registration granted by the DGAC.

The RPA must count with parachute of emergency during its operation.

The RPA must have the capability of the following clauses.

Prior authorisation from the DGAC is required, of agreement to the form indicated in Appendix "A", with the following documentation:

(1) the RPA registration card.

(2) credential from the or those remote pilot that will operate the or the RPA reported.

(3) insurance policy required by the Junta de Aeronáutica Civil (JAC) or document signed before a notary public stating the agreement between the parties (owner, the contracting of services and pilot distance) to assume the responsibility for any damage that may be caused to third parties on the occasion of the flight. …

(b) this authorization is will maintain existing until is surrender to it or suspended or cancelled by the DGAC. …

The remote pilot must carry:

(1) the card of registration of the RPA.

(2) the credential of pilot to distance of RPA.

(3) the authorization of operation of RPA granted by the DGAC.

(the documents previously listed are non-transferable.)

 

Other:

 

The remote pilot is responsible for the direction of the RPA and head of the safe driving in accordance with this standard.

Flight only in Visual Met Conditions (VMC)

The remote pilot must ensure the operation is in safe conditions..

No autonomous flight allowed

The remote pilot must maintain permanent visual direct contact with the RPA (VLOS).

The remote pilot during an RPA operation may not:

(1) put at risk the life of the people.

(2) endanger public or private property.

(3) violate the rights of others in matter of privacy

(4) operate in a careless or reckless manner that put at risk other aircraft on land or in the air.

(5) operate at less than two (2) kilometers of the prolongation of the axis track, measured from the threshold and less than one (1) km parallel to the axis of the track of an aerodrome.

The remote pilot during an RPA operation must:

(6) remain clear of prohibited and zones dangerous published by the DGAC.

(7) remain clear of prohibited restricted areas, unless it has authorization from the DGAC.

(8) check for applicable NOTAMs.

 

The remote pilot during an RPA operation must not:

(9) operating more than one RPA in form simultaneously.

(10) operate at night, without a special authorization from the DGAC.

(11) carry out operations at one distance greater than 500 meters on a slope Visual and at a height higher than 400 feet (130 m) above the surface that is operate.

(12) occupy a RPA for the launch or download objects from the air, without a special authorisation from the DGAC.?

(13) operate under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

(14) operate in the areas where fighting a fire through aircraft manned.

The total time of flight in an RPA operation, may not exceed 80% of the maximum ??? that allows the electrical charge of the RPA, and may not last the flight more than 60 minutes.

(i) the transfer of the command and control of the RPA to another remote pilot may not be with the aircraft in flight.

(j) is the responsibility of the pilot to distance, during the phase of take-off or launch and landing or recovered from the RPA, ensure that according to the features of this, not be produce risks in the operation and ensure that it trajectory of flight in all its phases allow save any obstacle and people who are not involved in the operation, with a vertical margin of 20 meters and with a horizontal clearance of 30 meters.

It is the responsibility of the pilot remote care the separation with other (s) RPA operating in the area and to coordinate among themselves.

The remote pilot shall consider that it must give way to any aircraft manned in the different phases of the flight, as well as maintain their own separation with other aircraft.

Without prejudice to the provisions of this rule, any person or entity involved in RPA operation, shall comply with any requirement of legal, tax, municipal, medical, environmental insurance requiring the rules or among others respective of the various agencies of the State.

REGISTRATION:

Every owner of a RPA, which wish to operate according to this standard, must register it in the DGAC at the register special of RPA before start the operations. …

BACKGROUND AND REQUIREMENTS FOR THE REGISTRATION OF THE RPA

(a) signed before a notary registration application submitted by the owner according to the format of Appendix B, which should include the following technical information from the RPA:

(1) manufacturer, country.

(2) mark.

(3) model.

(4) number of series.

(5) type of motorization.

(6) maximum take-off weight.

(7) detail of the built-in equipment.

(8) autonomy.

(9) photo size 10 by 15 cm in colors (format jpg).

(b) demonstration of the operation of the parachute of emergency.

CARD OF REGISTRATION OF THE RPA

Once the registration of the RPA, the DGAC will deliver to the owner registration card, which shall indicate:

(a) name of the owner

(b) RUT ???

(c) address

(d) phone

(e) mark

(f) model

(g) weight maximum of takeoff

(h) built-in equipment

(i) photo of the RPA

(j) N ° of registrations granted by the DGAC RPA

(k) identification of the RPA:

(1) serial number of the RPA series (s), if you have it or

(2) serial number of registrations delivered by the DGAC.

CREDENTIALS: Remote Pilot

To qualify for a credential of remote pilot of RPA, the applicant must:

(a) be at least eighteen (18) years of age.

(b) submit an affidavit sworn before a notary have received theoretical instruction and practice concerning the model of RPA to fly. (Appendix "C")

(c) pass a written examination on the standard … 151, DAN 91 "Rules of the air", Meteorology and aerodynamics. The minimum passing score is 75%.

Serving as remote pilot of RPA, only for operating conditions with visual direct visibility (VLOS), in the models registered in their credentials.

DURATION AND RENEWAL OF THE CREDENTIAL

The duration of the credential of pilot to distance of RPA will be of twelve (12) months.

To revalidate the credential, is must approve a review written on it established in the 151 DAN, DAN 91 "rules of the air", meteorology and aerodynamics. The minimum rating of approval should be 75%.

The required forms are in APPENDIX A of the Spanish document.

Here are the previous rules Taken from: World of Drones . It is unclear if these have been replaced by the above information.

Authorisation from the state must be granted for each mission, ie a specific area for a specific time.

ANNEX “D” Piloted AIRCRAFT SYSTEM REMOTE 1. No system remotely piloted aircraft (RPAS) participating in the National Air Navigation be used without prior permission of the Administrator. 2. No RPA will be used on the territory of another State without authorization granted by the State where the flight will take place. This authorization can be formulated as agreements between the States concerned. 3. A RPA not be used on the high seas without prior coordination with the authority Maritime (DIRECTEMAR) and Air Services, corresponding Transit. 4. The authorization and coordination referred 2 and 3 must be obtained and made before takeoff. 5. RPAS in Chile will be used in accordance with the conditions set by the Administrator. 6. Chile flight plans be submitted in accordance with the provisions of this Standard Aeronautics. 7. Prior to the operation of an RPA will notify the Air Traffic Services: a) Description of the intended operation (including the type of operation or purpose), flight rules, visual-sight operation (VLOS) if applicable, date of intended flight, starting point, destination, speed cruise, cruising levels, route to be followed, duration / frequency flight, other; b) Requirements takeoff and landing; c) Communications capabilities, navigation and surveillance: 1) Frequencies and communications equipment safety aviation, including ATC communications, including media alternative communication; 2) Navigation equipment; and 3) Monitoring equipment (p. Ex. Transponder SSR, ADS-B broadcast). d) To detect and evade, and e) Emergency procedures, including failure of communications with ATC. 8. In the event of a flight cancellation, the operator or the pilot distance as notify all competent authorities as soon as possible.

Changes may be in place in the future to have only certified aircraft and trained pilots operate UAV's for commercial purposes.

Rules issued in April 2015 (DAN 151) limited drone usage to those who have obtained a license from the Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil (DGAC). Operators must submit the drone’s registry card, the operator’s credentials, and proof of an insurance policy to receive a permit, which is only valid for a specific date and time. Pilots must remain 2 KM from airports. The rule is understood to be temporary.

The International Civil Aviation Organization, the Regional Safety Oversight System, or both are expected to publish technical requirements for drone operation in 2018, after which a more permanent set of regulations will be introduced by the DGAC.

 

Last update / 02.03.2017